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Soot Cake

Ash

Burnt Oil

Soot

Soot is a product created during incomplete combustion of fuels. Generally, we can distinguish between the two types of soot accumulation.

1. Pore Accumulation

Solid particles are deposited in the pore network inside the material of the filter wall. Depending on the level of soot load and filter type, pore accumulation may in some cases constitute a 50% drop in the filter pressure, or even more.

2. Soot Cake

As the soot charge increases in the pore network, the layer of particles begins to form along the wall surface in the inlet channels, and soot cake becomes the dominant filtration mechanism.

Ashes

Ash accumulates in DPF during prolonged use, as a non-flammable material left after filter regeneration and soot oxidation. Ash consists of various metal compounds derived from lubricating additives, trace elements in fuel and wear of the engine and corrosion products.

Motor Oil Contamination

Resulting from a leaky engine intake system (eg turbocharger failure). Oil gets into the filter cartridge (monolith) where it burns out.